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FAQ Ingredients

DO ZAO PRODUCTS CONTAIN ANY FRAGRANCE? 


    We do use some fragrance in our products.

    As ZAO products are made of natural and organic ingredients, some raw materials such as oils can sometimes give a quite strong and a little unpleasant smell. We use a very small amount of fragrance just enough to cover up this smell and to enjoy the use of ZAO products even more.

     Please note that we use hypoallergenic and 100% natural fragrance. In order to limit allergic reactions, this fragrance does not contain any allergens and is introduced in very low quantities in all ZAO products range.

    (See also Do ZAO products contain any allergens section)

     

     

    DO ZAO PRODUCTS CONTAIN ANY ALLERGENS?


     

    According to The European Cosmetics Regulation, there are 26 ingredients that may cause an allergic reaction. Their use is limited and they must be included in the ingredients list if they are present in the final formula to a certain extent. The goal is to protect allergy-prone consumers by providing them with sufficient information at the time of purchase. They should know immediately whether the cosmetic product contains any allergens in order to avoid skin allergic reactions.

    Here is a list of the 26 allergenic substances listed by the European Union Cosmetics Regulation:

    Amyl Cinnamal, Benzyl alcohol, Cinnamyl Alcohol, Citral, Hydroxycitronellal, Eugenol, Isoeugenol, Amylcinnamyl Alcohol, Benzyl salicylate, Cinnamal, Coumarin, Geraniol, Hydroxyisohexyl 3-cyclohexene carboxaldehyde, Anise Alcohol, Benzyl cinnamate, Farnesol, Butylphenyl Methylpropional, Linalool, Benzyl benzoate, Citronellol, Hexyl Cinnamal, Limonene, Methyl 2-octynoate, Alpha-Isomethyl Ionone, Evernia prunastri, Evernia furfuracea. 

    These allergenic substances are most often present in fragrances.

    The hypoallergenic fragrance, which is present in restricted amounts in ZAO products, does not contain any allergens. Overall, there are no allergens in ZAO products. 

     

     

    DO YOUR PRODUCTS CONTAIN ANY ESSENTIAL OILS?


       

      We have chosen not to use essential oils in our products due to their high sensitisation risk. 

       

       

      BAMBOO & ORGANIC SILICA: WHY? WHAT ARE THE BENEFITS? 


         

        Silica is a nutrient found in connective tissue and throughout the human body. It participates in the synthesis of collagen and elastin and thus contributes to epidermal regeneration. Over time, our silica reserves decrease leading to skin elasticity loss and demineralisation. It is therefore necessary to regularly replenish the epidermis. A silica supplement (oral or dermal) is then necessary to maintain skin elasticity.

        There are two types of silica: 

        Mineral silica, mostly found in crystal form. Human body can hardly assimilate this form of silica. Only 10% of the absorbed mineral silica is assimilated by the body. 

        Vegetal (or organic) silica found in bamboo is much more easily assimilated. 70% of the absorbed organic silica is assimilated by the human body.

        Organic silica is a widely used ingredient in Eastern medicine.

        It boots collagen and elastin production improving skin's strength, elasticity, flexibility, resistance and also helps to maintain the hydration level. 

        That is why bamboo, a plant extremely rich in organic silica, is present in all ZAO range products (apart from pencils). 

        Bamboo powder

        It is a white substance extracted from bamboo stems, extremely rich in organic silica.

         

        You can find Bamboo powder in the ingredients list under the following INCI name: BAMBUSA ARUNDINACEA STEM POWDER.

         

        Organic bamboo hydrolate

        This component is obtained by bamboo leaves distillation and is extremely rich in organic silica.

         

        You can find organic bamboo hydrolate in the ingredients list under the following INCI names: PHYLLOSTACHYS NIGRA EXTRACT or BAMBUSA VULGARIS LEAF EXTRACT.

         

        Organic bamboo macerate

        Organic bamboo macerate is an oily substance obtained from bamboo's rhizomes. A rhizome is an underground stem, usually growing horizontally, that each year produces roots and upward shoots of a plant. It is a real storage and survival organ. 

        Like bamboo powder or bamboo leaves hydrolate, organic bamboo macerate is extremely rich in organic silica. The advantage of macerate over powder or hydrolate is its ability to better penetrate the superficial layer of the skin. 

        You can find organic bamboo macerate in the ingredients list under the following INCI name: BAMBUSA ARUNDINACEA STEM POWDER.

         

         

        TITANIUM DIOXIDE: WHY? IS IT PRESENT IN NANO FORM?


           

          Titanium dioxide (TiO2) is a white opacifying pigment that has been used in cosmetics for decades (toothpaste, face cream, body lotion, makeup...). This pigment is also used in other everyday life products: food, home and car paint, etc.

           

          There is a controversy surrounding titanium dioxide in the form of nanoparticles because it can indeed be considered an endocrine disruptor and potentially cause cancer. ZAO products do not contain any nanoparticles. 

          Nanoparticles raise ethical and public health debates as they can be absorbed through human cells of the same size (10-9 metres). After entering the body, they will then be stocked, and depending on their nature, the body would not be able to eliminate them. Long-term consequences of the absorption are unknown. That is why the new European Cosmos-standard does not allow ingredients containing nanoparticles. 

          We would like to reassure you that we do not use titanium dioxide in the form of nanoparticles in ZAO products. Titanium dioxide present in ZAO products is in the form of microparticles.

           Microparticles are 1000 times larger than nanoparticles.

          They do not pass through the skin barrier and do not reach our cells (because they are too large). Therefore they do not present any health risk. 

          Particles sizes:

          Microparticles: 10-6 m = 0,000 001 m = 1 thousandth of a mm

          Nanoparticles: 10-9 m = 0,000 000 001 m = 1 millionth of a mm

          Titanium dioxide found in ZAO products is in the form of microparticles.

          ZAO products do not contain any nanoparticles.

           

           

          SILVER POWDER: WHY? IS IT PRESENT IN NANO FORM? IS IT DANGEROUS? 

            All ZAO products, apart from pencils, contain micronised silver powder. 

            In our formulas, silver plays a key role of preservative and skin antiseptic. Silver has been chosen precisely due to its inherent antibacterial qualities. The reason why very few companies (and no makeup companies) use silver as preservative is only due to its high price of more than €10,000 per kilo. 

            Silver is also used in band aids, burns treatment, prostheses conservation before transplantation in the human body; it has been considered for more than 2,000 years as a water purifier and a disinfectant. That is why in the Middle Ages, nobles and wealthy people used to drink and eat from silver tableware. Silver is an excellent bacteria killer by asphyxiation. 

            Natural preservatives are as effective as chemical preservatives used in non-organic cosmetic products. 

            All cosmetic products, organic or non-organic, sold on the European market must pass a test that verifies the preservatives efficacy. This test is called a "challenge test" and consists in introducing bacteria into product samples and then checking that they do not grow. 

            All ZAO products have successfully passed this efficacy test. 

            Moreover, silver powder is so effective that it can be used in a much lower quantity than that of traditional chemical preservatives. We therefore also reduce the risks of allergic reactions.

             Is silver powder dangerous?

            Generally speaking, the problem with using metals consists in their particles size: nanoparticles are controversial because they can be absorbed by the human body cells with the same dimensions (10-9 metres). After entering the body, they will then be stocked, and depending on their nature, the body would not be able to eliminate them. 

            The silver we use is microsilver (trade name), as it is in the form of microparticles. Their size is between 1 and 10 microns, which is about 1,000 to 10,000 times larger than nanoparticles.

             Microparticles do not pass through the skin barrier and do not reach our cells (because they are too large). Therefore they do not present any health risk.

             Particles sizes:

            Microparticles: 10-6 = 0,000 001 = 1 thousandth of a mm

            Nanoparticles: 10-9 = 0,000 000 001 = 1 millionth of a mm

             

            Silver is an excellent natural preservative that does not present any toxicity risk to our body as long as we avoid nanoparticles.

             

             

            DO YOUR PRODUCTS CONTAIN ANY NANOPARTICLES? 

               

              Nanoparticles raise ethical and public health debates as they can be absorbed by human cells due to their same size (10-9 metres). These cells would let the nanoparticles penetrate into the body. After entering the body, they will then be stocked, and depending on their nature, the body would not be able to eliminate them. Long-term consequences of such nanoparticles absorption are unknown. That is why according to the new European Cosmos standard the ingredients containing nanoparticles are not allowed.

              All organic products certified by ECOCERT must meet some fundamental criteria, such as absence of GMOs, parabens, phenoxyethanol, nanoparticles, silicone, PEG, perfumes and synthetic dyes,  or ingredients derived from animals (except for those naturally produced by them: milk, honey...). 

              Ecocert and Cosmos certification conditions ensure organic products respectful of human beings and the environment. Certification bodies have assessed certain nanomaterials in cosmetic products as safe.  For example, some nanomaterials, such as mineral derivatives (titanium dioxide or zinc oxide) are accepted in sunscreen products certified organic.

               However, ZAO has chosen to go further and to refuse using nanomaterials at all in our formulas. Therefore, we ask our suppliers to prove the absence of nanomaterials in their ingredients.

               ZAO products do not contain nanoparticles. 

              See also Titanium dioxide section

              See also Silver powder section

               

               

              DO ZAO PRODUCTS CONTAIN ANY HEAVY METALS (NICKEL, LEAD, COPPER, CHROMIUM) 


                 

                Heavy metals (Nickel, Lead, Copper, Chromium, Zinc, Cadmium, Mercury, Arsenic, Barium) are not used in ZAO products, but can be found as unavoidable impurities in mineral pigments. 

                Pigments bring colour and different shades to a makeup product and therefore are essential. 

                One of the fundamental principles of organic makeup is to use only natural dyes and ingredients. Natural pigments without doubts offer a narrower range of colours and shades compared to the conventional cosmetic product range, but we continue working on adding new colours to the palette. 

                We use only natural mineral pigments in ZAO formulas.

                Our mineral pigments can potentially contain some traces of heavy metals

                Let’s take a look at Nickel in one of our pigments: pink dye CI 77007 (ULTRAMARINES): 

                Nickel is potentially present in this pigment with a concentration ranging from 0 to 50 PPM, or between 0 and 0.005 %. (PPM means parts per million; 1 PPM = 0.0001%) 

                Given that the amount of pigment in ZAO products never exceeds 20%, there may potentially be up to a maximum of 0.0001% of Nickel in the final product. 

                This is true for ZAO products but also for all organic and natural makeup products. 

                ZAO products can potentially contain insignificant traces of heavy metals as they are naturally present in our mineral pigments as impurities. 

                 

                 

                DO ZAO PRODUCTS CONTAIN ANY CHROME? 

                   

                  It is important to highlight that chrome is not an ingredient added as such in the products.

                  However, there are two things that you should know about it: 

                  • Some of our products contain a green pigment, Chromium Oxide Green (CI 77288).

                  Some people may be sensitive or allergic to this pigment.

                  If you have an allergic reaction, please consult your doctor or an allergologist. 

                  Here is a list of Zao products where this pigment is used:

                  • Eyeliner Green 073
                  • Eyeshadows 109
                  • Eyeshadows 116
                  • Eyeshadows 214
                  • Lip scrub 482
                  • Eyeshadows 276 (green eyeshadows from ‘clin œil n°2’ palette)
                  • Concealer Green 499 

                  This green pigment allows to obtain the shades of green that would otherwise be difficult to achieve. In fact, the palette of natural pigments available for organic certified cosmetics, remains narrow even today. 

                  Since the ingredients present in our products are 100% natural and are certified organic, it is very difficult for us to replace this pigment. 

                  However, we are concerned about the safety of this pigment and therefore decided to rectify the formula of the products containing this pigment. We will soon offer you new shades. 

                  • All ZAO formulas contain natural mineral pigments.

                  Mineral pigments can potentially contain heavy metals traces, and therefore insignificant traces of chrome.

                  See Do ZAO Products Contain Any Heavy Metals section

                   

                   

                  DO ZAO PRODUCTS CONTAIN PALM OIL? 

                     

                    Intensive cultivation of palm oil, mainly in Indonesia, leads to massive primary forest destruction in favour of palm plantations. 

                    Palm oil and ingredient complexes derived from palm oil are widely used in cosmetic products.

                    Palm oil is easily recognisable in a product ingredients list by its INCI name which is “PALM OIL”. It may also be identified by the following name: "ELEASIS GUINEENSIS (PALM) OIL". 

                    Cosmetic industry uses many palm oil derivatives, more difficult to identify, because the word PALM does not appear in the ingredients list. 

                    Zao products may contain palm oil derivatives but it is important to understand that it is difficult for us to exclude them as raw material suppliers do not offer other alternatives. We are forced to find ourselves in this situation. 

                    Nevertheless, we are trying to do our best by selecting only RSPO certified palm oil derivatives. 

                    What is RSPO certified palm oil?

                    RSPO: Round table for Sustainable Palm Oil 

                    RSPO is an association founded in 2004. It aims to promote the growth and use of palm oil that meets specific sustainability criteria at all levels: producers, traders, distributors, etc.

                    RSPO standard’s set of criteria are applied to all the steps of transformation of palm oil up to its selling. Its aim is to guarantee the traceability of sustainable palm oil, up to the final product. 

                    RSPO certified palm oil shows companies commitment and also certifies sustainability. 

                    You can find more information about RSPO certified palm oil here https://www.rspo.org/

                    RSPO certified palm oil is the best alternative we have at the moment.

                    However, we do not give up and are trying to find new raw materials. 

                    Here is a list of raw materials derived from RSPO palm oil present in ZAO products: 

                    • SODIUM STEAROYL LACTYLATE
                    • ZINC STEARATE 
                    • SUCROSE PALMITATE 
                    • PROPYLENE GLYCOL 
                    • GLYCERYL CAPRILAT

                    Our suppliers' certificates guarantee that their raw materials are derived from RSPO certified palm oil

                     

                    Note: PROPYLENE GLYCOL found in our Eyeliners is from vegetable sources, accepted by Ecocert COSMOS. 

                    We also use organic certified palm oil derivatives.

                    Organic farming prohibits primary forests destruction. This certification therefore ensures that these derivatives are taken from specific palm oil plantations that are not responsible for deforestation:

                    • ELEAIS GUINEENSIS (PALM) OIL
                    • GLYCERIN

                     

                    For other raw materials frequently used as palm oil derivatives, we have managed to find an alternative: 

                    • CETEARYL ALCOHOL-coconut oil derivative
                    • STEARATE GLYCEROL-coconut oil derivative
                    • ISOSTEARIC ACID-rapeseed oil derivative

                      

                     

                    DO OUR PRODUCTS CONTAIN ANY ANTI-AGEING ACTIVE INGREDIENTS AND WHY?


                        

                      Our makeup products combine makeup efficiency (colour, long hold, visual effect, texture) and skin care. Our ingredients have specific properties, for example: 

                      • Bamboo with its high level of organic silica is necessary for skin cells renewal (see BAMBOO & Organic Silica section) 
                      • Micronised silver powder acts as an antiseptic, it was chosen by ZAO as a natural preservative (see SILVER POWDER section) 
                      • Essential Fatty Acids rich in omega-3, omega-6 and vitamin F. They provide flexibility and elasticity to the skin, preventing skin barrier problems and increasing skin hydration level.

                      Here are some of the essential fatty acids you can find in ZAO products: organic shea butter; organic cocoa butter; organic coconut oil; organic macadamia nut oil; organic almond oil.  

                      • Antioxidants fight free radicals responsible for cellular ageing and skin weakening. 

                      Here are some antioxidants you can find in ZAO products:

                      Organic pomegranate butter; Ginkgo biloba leaf Extract; Organic babassu oil; Organic wheat germ oil; Red seaweed extract. 

                      It is important to highlight that active ingredients contained in organic plants are much more concentrated than in conventionally grown plants.

                       

                       

                      DO THE PRODUCTS CONTAIN ANY ARGAN OIL?


                         

                        So far only lip care oil contains argan oil. 

                        However, the entire product range contains other skincare ingredients.

                        See the Anti-ageing active ingredients section

                         

                         

                        IS THERE ANY ALUMINIUM?


                           

                          Aluminium salts such as aluminium Chlorohydrate, used in deodorants and antiperspirants, is still a controversial subject. This debate involves aluminium salts that can increase breast cancer risks depending on where it is applied and the amount used. 

                          ZAO products do not contain aluminium. 

                          However, you may find the following INCI names on our ingredients lists: 

                          • MAGNESIUM ALUMINUM SILICATE

                          It is a completely chemically inert mineral ingredient (clay type) that has nothing to do with an aluminium salt. This raw material presents no health risks (found in eyeliners, Aloe vera mascara, mineral cooked powders and mineral silk) 

                          • CALCIUM ALUMINUM BOROSILICATE

                          This raw material is not an aluminium salt and is considered chemically inert. Its shiny aspect brings shimmer to makeup products. 

                          • CI 77000 (ALUMINUM POWDER)

                          This raw material is used in cosmetic pigments and is added only to our nail polishes, especially for pearly glitter.

                           

                           

                          ARE ZAO PRODUCTS GLUTEN FREE?


                             

                            Gluten is a protein found in a number of foods made of wheat, barley, rye and sometimes oats. The consumption of gluten-free food products is becoming a real nutrition trend. 

                            Beyond the "gluten-free" trend, some individuals really suffer from a coeliac autoimmune disease. In order to guarantee that our products are suitable for them, you can find a "crossed wheat spike" logo introduced by Afdiag. This label is controlled by AOECS European standard, with certain requirements such as in-house inspections and annual analysis control plan. For the time being, this label is only applied to food and non-cosmetic products. 

                            ZAO products contain two raw materials derived from cereals, especially wheat:

                            • WHEAT GERM OIL
                            • POTASSIUM PALMITOYL HYDROLYZED WHEAT PROTEIN 

                            These two raw materials do not contain Gluten as we have the supplier's certificates that guarantees its absence. 

                            We can therefore be sure that ZAO products do not contain any gluten.

                             

                             

                            DO THE PRODUCTS CONTAIN ANY TALC?


                               

                              Taking into consideration its bad reputation and the fact that it is a potential endocrine disruptor, we have decided to exclude talc from our products.

                              Eyeshadow 109: We tried to reformulate this eyeshadow in order to remove talc, but unfortunately without success. So we decided to stop producing this shade 109. It will be replaced by the Peacock Blue 127 shade (available from mid-January 2019) 

                              Eyeshadow 110: We have succeeded in reformulating this eyeshadow without talc (available from March 2019) 

                              Pencil green 604: talc is present in the green pigment in the final product but in a very limited quantity. We are trying to replace this pigment in order to remove talc but it is rather difficult as there are only few other pigments with this particular shade of green.

                               

                               

                              DO ZAO PRODUCTS CONTAIN MALTODEXTRIN? IS IT GLUTEN-FREE?


                                 

                                Maltodextrin is not an ingredient added as such to our formulas. 

                                In fact, Maltodextrin that you can find in some of our products comes from another cosmetic ingredient used in our formulas: Cayoma Olive. 

                                You can find more information about this ingredient on the manufacturer's website by clicking on the following link https://www.qenax.com/products/cayoma-r-olive

                                After checking all our formulas, we can assure you that maltodextrin is only present in some of our powders with a concentration in the finished product between 0.00005% and 0.012%. 

                                Most of the time, it is derived from starch and especially from rice starch. Rice is a natural gluten-free cereal. Our supplier also confirms that maltodextrin is gluten-free.

                                 

                                 

                                ARE ZAO PRODUCTS COMEDOGENIC?


                                 

                                Comedogenic ingredients are not an issue when used in lip, eye lashes or nails products. 

                                As far as other products, we prefer to be careful about using such ingredients. 

                                ZAO would like to limit the use of comedogenic oils and butters in its products as much as possible. 

                                Therefore, you can find the following ingredients that are potentially comedogenic but used in limited quantities to still get their benefits:

                                – Mineral silk: wheat germ oil (0.5%) and cocoa butter (1%)

                                –  Cream eyeshadows: wheat germ oil (0.5%)

                                –  Pearly eyeshadows: soybean oil (less than 1%)

                                – Mineral touch: soybean oil (less than 1%)

                                – Compact powder and blush: cocoa butter (1%) 

                                ZAO products are suitable for all skin types, including sensitive and acne prone skin.

                                 

                                 

                                DO ZAO FOUNDATIONS CONTAIN ANY SUNSCREEN?


                                   

                                  It is important to highlight that sunscreen chemical filters are forbidden in natural and organic certified cosmetics, as most of them are harmful to humans and the environment. 

                                  Only mineral sunscreens are allowed in organic certified cosmetics. The use of mineral sunscreens as nanomaterial for sun protection is still a controversial subject. This does not mean that all mineral sunscreens will necessarily be in the form of nanoparticles. They can also be used as microparticles. 

                                  Our foundations do not contain any sun protection factor. 

                                  However ZAO BB cream does contain a sun protection factor. We have used titanium dioxide and zinc oxide in the form of microparticles to achieve it. This way there is no danger for humans or the environment. 

                                  See also Titanium dioxide section

                                  See also Nanomaterials section

                                   

                                   

                                  DO OUR NAIL POLISHES HAVE SAFE FORMULAS? DO THEY CONTAIN ANY PHTHALATES ?


                                     

                                    It is difficult to find organic certified formulas for nail polishes. In fact, organic raw materials available on the market do not perform well enough to formulate organic nail polishes (especially in terms of drying or hold time). 

                                    Nevertheless, ZAO decided to offer you nail polishes free of harmful ingredients (including phthalates), and enriched with silica (bamboo sap). You can use them without moderation! 

                                    Zao nail polishes formulas do not contain phthalates, especially dibutylphthalate, which is known to be an endocrine disruptor and may cause eyes irritation (tearing, conjunctivitis) and upper respiratory irritations (rhino-pharyngitis, bronchitis); if ingested or inhaled it can cause headache, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, hematuria, dizziness, photophobia (light sensitivity) and nephrotoxicity. 

                                    We are constantly working on making our products more respectful of the environment and your health. We have therefore replaced chemical solvents by agro-solvents (from corn, potatoes, manioc or wheat); 76% to 84% of the ingredients used in our formulas are of natural origin. 

                                    Besides, ZAO nail polishes are «10 Free» 

                                    Finally, like all the products from our range, Zao nail polishes are vegan. 

                                    See also the nail polish part «10 FREE»

                                     

                                     

                                    NAIL POLISHES - WHAT DOES «10 FREE» STAND FOR ?


                                       

                                      Nail polishes often contain petrochemical raw materials that may cause adverse health effects either by nail penetration or inhalation. 

                                      In order to avoid the most harmful raw materials, nail polishes «6 Free», «8 Free» or «10 Free» have been recently introduced on the market. What does it mean? 

                                      The number before the word FREE indicates the number of harmful ingredients that are excluded from the formula. 

                                      It is important to highlight that there is no official list of the raw materials covered by the label "X Free" 

                                      Some cosmetic brands claim that their nail polishes are "10 Free" or "12 Free", but if you look at their ingredients list, you will see that there are ingredients known to be very dangerous or harmful for health, that are rarely found in nail polish formulas. They are not concerned by the "X Free" label but allow to use "12 Free" or "13 Free " labels. These brands misuse this label without making any real effort to adapt their formulas. We should then be careful! 

                                      Even if there is no official list, you can find the following ingredients list of the "X Free" label on the internet: 

                                      • TOLUENE*: respiratory and skin irritant;
                                      • FORMALDEHYDE*: reprotoxic, irritant and known as carcinogenic;
                                      • DIETHYL PHTALATE*: possibly an endocrine disruptor (banned in cosmetic products in Europe but still allowed in the USA);
                                      • FORMALDEHYDE RESIN: less toxic than formaldehyde but may contain traces of formaldehyde and cause irritations;
                                      • PARABEN: endocrine disruptor and highly allergenic;
                                      • XYLENE*: eyes, skin and lungs irritant;
                                      • CAMPHOR: endocrine disruptor and highly irritating;
                                      • ROSIN*: irritating and allergenic;
                                      • STYRENE: endocrine disruptor, irritant, carcinogenic;
                                      • BENZOPHENONE (1-benzophenone and 3-benzophenone): has been identified as an endocrine disruptor and is highly allergenic. 

                                      ZAO nail polishes do not contain any of these raw materials and are "10 Free". 

                                      Besides, ZAO nail polishes do not contain:

                                      • TRYPHENYL PHOSPHATE: endocrine disruptor
                                      • OCTOCRYLENE: endocrine disruptor
                                      • CYCLOPENTASILOXANE: endocrine disruptor
                                      • METHYL METHACRYLATE: very irritating and allergenic 

                                      (*ingredient potentially present as an unavoidable impurity trace) 

                                       

                                       

                                      DO ZAO PRODUCTS CONTAIN ANY SQUALANE OR SQUALENE?


                                         

                                        Currently Squalene is harshly criticized because the use of squalene of animal origin can be harmful to marine biodiversity. Historically, squalene was extracted from shark liver which resulted in death/exploitation of the species. Unfortunately, some beauty brands carry on using it, either on purpose or not. 

                                        However that squalene can also be found in plants (derived from olive oil, cane sugar, amaranth, rice, wheat or sugar beets) 

                                        Taking into consideration our respect for the animal world, it was impossible for us to use squalene of animal origin.

                                        As you know, our organic certified products must comply with a number of rules, including selection and traceability of the ingredients. Ingredients derived from dead animals are strictly prohibited (except for cochineal*). Furthermore, our products are also certified Vegan & Cruelty Free by PETA.

                                        You can therefore be sure that our products do not contain any squalene of animal origin. 

                                        What's the difference between squalane and squalene? 

                                        Squalene is naturally produced by most plants and animals including humans (it is found especially in human sebum). Its structure is similar to the skin lipids structure. Thanks to its excellent chemical affinity with the skin, it easily penetrates the skin and gives it a silky touch.

                                        Squalene has many benefits. It is an excellent emollient that smooths and softens the skin helping to restore the skin lipid barrier. It is also an indirect moisturiser that protects against dehydration and keeps the skin soft and smooth.

                                        Squalane is a stable derivative of squalene, less sensitive to oxidation.

                                        Being more stable and having the same properties as squalene, squalane is most commonly used in cosmetics. 

                                        Squalane and squalene used in ZAO products are of vegetable origin, mainly derived from olive oil. 

                                        * cochineal is an insect that produces the carmine red pigment that is accepted as an exception by COSMOS.

                                        (See also Cochineal presence section)

                                         

                                         

                                        DO ZAO PRODUCTS CONTAIN ANY COCHINEAL?


                                           

                                          Deep purple pigment is derived from cochineal females (known as Dactylopius Coccus). This insect lives on Opuntia cactus variety, and is mainly cultivated in Latin America, Peru being the world's largest producer. 

                                          Dactylopius coccus female is used to produce different shades of red, orange, and scarlet. Also called carmin, this dye is named after the carminic acid found in the body and eggs produced by the female.  

                                          The insect produces this acid under stress to protect itself from predators. 

                                          Insects are killed by immersion in hot water (dried afterwards) or exposure to sunlight, steam or the heat of an oven. Each method produces a different colour.

                                          This dye is widely used in food, confectionery, pharmacy and cosmetics to satisfy the natural products demand. It is true that the term "natural" generally sells, but when we know that it takes 70,000 insects to produce 500 grams of cochineal, as well as the extraction conditions of the pigment, then it is obvious that the use of carmine is not ethical.

                                          ZAO respects the animal world and does not use any carmine in the product. The whole range is labelled Vegan and cruelty free by PETA.  

                                          This choice is not without consequences, that's why we don't have any red or fushia lipstick. 

                                          In fact, our products are certified organic and therefore do not contain any synthetic pigments, the only way to have a red lipstick would be to use carmine because there is no other stable natural pigment of the red colour. In fact, mineral pigments are of ochre, or orange, there is no solid red. 

                                          But we continue laboratory trials to find an alternative solution.

                                           

                                           

                                          ARE ZAO PRODUCTS SAFE FOR PREGNANT WOMEN?


                                             

                                            First of all, as ZAO products are certified organic and Vegan, they must comply with the strict certification specifications. This can guarantee that our products are safe. 

                                            Apart from these certificates, we are concerned about having safe formulas without any raw materials that could present a health risk. 

                                            Therefore ZAO products are completely safe for pregnant women.

                                            As for nail polishes, even if they are not organic, our "10 Free" formulas are much healthier than the standard nail polish formulas. They do not present any particular risk. 

                                            However, please consult your doctor if you are pregnant before use.